Hacking, which has been part of computing for 50 years, is a very broad discipline, covering a wide range of topics. The first reported hacking took place at MIT in 1960 and the term ‘hacker’ use.
For non-geeks, here’s a brief introduction. Computer software consists of computer programs. That gives instructions on how hardware should perform certain tasks. This software is often developed by programmers. Who has full access to the entire program? Programs are then sold to users with strict rules or protocols. That allows them to access only certain authorized persons (usually with passwords) for security reasons. No one but these authorized persons has access to their use.
How can others gain unauthorized access?
- Original programmers, who developed the source code. And always provided their entry points, trap doors, and passwords.
- Previous users who are no longer authorized users, but whose passwords have not been deleted.
- Other dishonest people who want to access the system for the wrong purpose.
- Because there is a lot of activity and business going on through computers. And most computers connect through the Internet. They are open to accessing different people through the Internet.
- Computers are also vulnerable to attacks by malicious software (malware) and viruses. Leaving them vulnerable to hackers and malware attacks. These ‘virus infections’ and ‘worms’ are introduced by people who want to hack into the system. And steal information or want to crash the whole system or destroy all the stored data.
As virus attacks on computers prevent by anti-virus software. Such as McAfee, etc., companies protect themselves from hacking by employing ethical hackers. The EC Council has defined ethical hackers as “an individual who is usually employed in an organization. And can trust to try to infiltrate networks and/or computer systems as a malicious person.” Is a hacker-based?
It refers to the process of detecting vulnerabilities and vulnerabilities in computers. And information systems that mimic the intentions and actions of malicious users.
It is also known as penetration test, penetration test, or red teaming. This requires them to view the client network as a potential malicious attacker. Then devise the right security measures to protect customers from attacks.
So why the need for ethical hackers?
- They need to identify and seal all possible locations of access by hackers. That may be individuals or sophisticated software, including ‘bugs’.
- In simple language, an ethical hacker thinks and acts like an immoral hacker to find and exploit vulnerabilities. And vulnerabilities in different systems and how to violate them.
- He then devises ways to protect vulnerable points using firewalls, strong passwords. Frequent password changes, passwords, encryption, as well as iris scans or fingerprints.
- They need to block access to the original software programmers and those who are no longer authorized to log into the system.
- They can also suggest a secure tunnel between the VPN (Virtual Private Network), the computer, and the places visited on the Internet. It uses a VPN server, which can locate anywhere in the world, and provides privacy. VPN will work to hide your browsing history or prevent you from spied on. The VPN will browse you from the server’s geolocation, not your computer’s location so that we remain anonymous.
With most personal data available on the Internet today at affordable prices. Data privacy is a serious concern. Hackers can buy your personal data. And steal your data using passwords from other sites. Since most people have the same weak passwords for different applications and rarely do Passwords change. They will teach users how to choose difficult passwords, where to record or not record passwords, and how often you need to change passwords.