American consultant Gartner is one of the most respected in the promotion of essential information and communication technologies (ICT) of 2019. And more importantly, in the analysis of what companies can do to get the Biggest match.
Information is power. Gartner experts handle the topic as few. And in the introductory summary of Top 10 Strategic Technology Trends for 2019. They already warn that identifying these strategic technological trends is synonymous with securing future business. “The leaders of business architecture and technological innovation must check the dominant trends to find opportunities, counter threats, and create a dynamic advantage. ” We raise the curtain.
1. Autonomous objects (very specialized in tasks)
Artificial intelligence Technologies(AI) applied to robots, land vehicles, drones, autonomous devices. And other objects will continue advancing to solve tasks so far exclusive talent of intelligence and social skills. An action that in 2019 will be more clear in the media (land, sea, air, and digital). And with a growing capacity for natural interaction with humans and other devices.
Gartner simulates that AI – for now – does not have the same capabilities as a human brain. Its suggestion is to design these devices with limited skills and goals, to make them specialists in specific tasks.
2. Increased analytics
In an environment that gradually digitizers more processes, analytics faces the challenge of advanced. Incorporating a more considerable amount of data. Augmented analytics should help the algorithms that information scientists create and use to explore their proposition to find hidden patterns. but free of those biases that could lead to misleading conclusions. For example, it must prevent the social algorithm from incorporating a racist bias into the social analysis.
Gartner anticipates that increased analytics (which uses augmented intelligence and machine learning as necessary tools). They will more security for data analysis in a process that limits human performance. He augurs that by 2020 more than 40% of Data Scientist tasks electronic.
3. Artificial Intelligence will drive Vehicles
Artificial intelligence will be increasingly present in the development phase of technological applications. This company determined the birth of a new generation of formalized tools. Thanks to an AI layer, change the process of creating apps in areas such as data science, function automation, or testing.
Gartner experts predict that AI-driven knowledge in application development will be increasingly packaging. It means that its standard solutions commercially in a more accessible way for a more significant number of companies, giving autonomy to the developing companies in their procedure.
4. Digital twins
One of the most attractive topics is these digital representations of real-world objects, processes, or systems to experiment with them with greater ease and lower cost. These twins are increasingly complex, such as, they can represent a city or a thermal power plant, and at the same time, expand their possibilities for experimentation.
Gartner estimates that by 2020 billions of digital twins will check the behavior of 20,000 million connected sensors. Among the most exciting business applications, the Internet of Things (IoT) area stands out, where it should serve to improve the functionality and maintenance of the product, providing more confidence to the user. In point of view of systems or organizations, digital twins register to improve their processes and efficiency.
5. Edge Computing Enhanced
These Technologies aims to bring the analysis of the data in the cloud form to the source of information that produces it. Thus, it calculated to cut the latency time in the response. For this, it weaves a network of servers that not only depends on its central facilities but also other premises. This perimeter computing should serve, such as, for autonomous cars to cut response time in the event an incident (slows down if an obstacle is on the road) or for IoT systems to offer more exceptional offline capabilities.
Gartner, aware of the considerable investment in a frame that he requires, manages a longer implementation horizon here. He concluded that from 2028 its use would be significant in industrial production systems, vehicles, and all types of screens, from the smartphone to the television.
6. Immersive technologies
We walk towards a new model in the form and means with which we see the world. Augmented reality (AR), virtual reality (VR), and mixed reality (MR) are the leading immersive technologies that allow the user to interact with that new world. Such as, in virtual personal assistants or chatbot, which will be able to interpret facial expressions in your discussion with the user.
According to Gartner, in 2022, 70% of companies will experiment with these technologies. And 25% will have incorporated it into their production.
From the finance sector, the blockchain is taking positions in others such as government, health, or chain manufacturing. Reduction costs, derived from the no need to merge intermediaries in the transactions, or tractability throughout the distribution chain, thanks to favoring the exchange of information, are the advantages that recognized as being qualified as the general ledger, formed in turn by the cryptographic records of many of users.
Gartner traditionally maintains a certain coldness in the face of this technology, which he considers to be still less mature. Nevertheless, in his predictions for 2019, he recommends that the company’s value how to integrate it into their business model.
8. Smart spaces
A novel and coherent concept in the face of greater ICT integration in all areas of life is the emergence of these intelligent spaces. These are physical or digital environments in which humans relate to systems in a coördinated and thoughtful way. And the smart city would be its greatest exponent.
Gartner experts affirm that in the coming year’s intelligent spaces will evolve in five dimensions. These are openness, connection, coördination, intelligence, and reach.
9. Digital ethics and privacy
The defense of privacy and the use that companies make of personal data and information is a growing concern of the citizen.
Gartner incorporates this citizen’s awareness of the value of their information to their 2019 ICT trends in a double sense. On the one hand, in the more significant action of governments to measuring the use of data. On the other hand, in need of companies to gain and keep up customer confidence.
10. Quantum Computing
A concept for the most advanced computers that handle quantum computing (QC) promoter. Which multiply their simultaneous calculation capacity compared to the traditional network. To bring the Lego closer to its operation, here is an interesting example: while a classic computer would read books from a library linearly (first one, then another and so on). The QC would do it simultaneously.
From the company’s point of view, Gartner points out that quantum computing services will be increasingly affordable for industries. And that they will set up a tremendous transformative capacity in the way of conceiving the business.